You can create some legal documents yourself although it is usually wise to seek professional advice, such as from a solicitor.
A Lasting Powers of Attorney
What does an LPA do? It gives legal power from you “the donor” to another person(s), called “the attorney(s)”, to make decisions on your behalf . So your attorney must be someone you trust to act as you would want them to and make decisions on your behalf.
There are two types of LPA and both schemes are administered through the Office of the Public Guardian.
Health & Welfare Lasting Power of Attorney: This allows you to chose a person(s) to make decisions eg daily routine, where you are cared for, treatments that keep you alive . These powers will only be used when you are incapable of making your own decisions.
Property and financial affairs Lasting Power of Attorney: This allows you to choose one person(s) to make decisions about eg collecting benefits, paying bills or selling property. If you give them permission, they can start using this power straight away.
Making your will
While wills can be made without a lawyer in extreme circumstances you are strongly advised to seek the services of a solicitor. See the relevant section on the DMiR website (by following this link) for more information.
Making a Will can be relatively straight forward with the correct support and legal advice. However, emotionally it can be hard to face the decisions that are necessary to complete this process.
In order to make a Will, it would be advisable to choose a solicitor with whom you have a good rapport (a list of local solicitors that provide a will making service can be obtained from the Law Society). Prior to that meeting you will need to determine whether a Will questionnaire needs to be completed. It is likely that you will need to consider the following prior to an initial meeting:
Who you would like to act as your Executors – these are friends or family members who you choose to deal with the administration of your Estate following your death?
Any specific items that you would like to leave to any beneficiaries of your Will.
Who you would like to act as guardians for any children that are minors on your death.
To whom you would like to leave your Estate; If you have more than one beneficiary, you may consider whether you would like to leave a proportion of your Estate to a number of beneficiaries or a certain sum to a particular beneficiary and the remainder to others.
For more information please refer to our page on the role of an Executor
What happens if you don't make a Will?
When someone dies without having made a Will, their Estate will be divided in accordance with the rules of intestacy. Where the Estate passes will depend on the deceased’s family’s circumstances and it would be advisable to obtain legal advice at this stage. There is also a specific way of determining who should be responsible for dealing with the administration of the Estate in these circumstances.
For Independent Advice
Please be aware that there are many organisations that offer advice on making and administering a will because they have an interest in receiving a legacy. While this is often provided with the best intentions, such advice is not necessarily impartial.
Formal Legal documents explained